Pena-Rodriguez v. Colorado, No. 15–606, __ US __ (March 6, 2017)

When a juror makes a clear statement indicating that he or she relied on racial stereotypes or animus to convict a criminal defendant, the trial court must consider the evidence of the juror’s statement and any resulting denial of the jury trial guarantee.

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Williams v. Pennsylvania, No. 15–5040, ___U.S__ (June 9, 2016).

Pennsylvania Supreme Court Chief Justice’s denial of defendant’s recusal motion and his subsequent judicial participation violated the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

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Montgomery v. Louisiana, No. 14-280, ___ U.S. ___, (Jan. 25, 2016).

Miller v. Alabama’s prohibition on mandatory life without parole for juvenile offenders announced a new substantive, not procedural, rule. Miller is therefore retroactive in cases of state collateral review.

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Johnson v. United States, No. 13-7120, ___ U.S. ___ (June 26, 2015).

Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA)’s definition of “violent felony” is unconstitutionally vague as to its residual clause, which covers any felony that “involves conduct that presents a serious potential risk of physical injury to another”; clause leaves uncertainty about how to estimate the risk posed by a crime or how much risk it takes for a crime to qualify as a violent felony. (Overruling James v. United States, 550 U.S. 192 (2007) and Sykes v. United States, 564 U.S. 1 (2011).)

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Obergefell v. Hodges, No. 14–556, __ U.S. __ (June 28, 2015).

Same-sex couples may exercise the fundamental right to marry.

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