Navarette v. California, No. 12-9490, __ U.S. __ (Apr. 22, 2014).

Under the totality of the circumstances, which began when an anonymous 911 caller reported that a vehicle had run her off the road, police officer had reasonable suspicion that the driver was intoxicated so that officer’s traffic stop complied with the Fourth Amendment.

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Alleyne v. United States, No. 11-9335, __ U.S. __ (June 17, 2013).

“[A]ny fact that increases the mandatory minimum [sentence] is an ‘element’ that must be submitted to the jury.”

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Missouri v. McNeely, No. 11–1425, __U.S. __ (April 17, 2013).

Rejects argument that “the natural metabolization of alcohol in the bloodstream presents a per se exigency that justifies an exception to the Fourth Amendment’s warrant requirement for nonconsensual blood testing in all drunk-driving cases,” and holds instead “that exigency in this context must be determined case by case based on the totality of the circumstances.”

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Williams v. Illinois, No. 10-8505, __ U.S. __ (June 18, 2012).

Plurality opinion on whether Confrontation Clause permits the prosecution to introduce an analyst’s forensic report through an expert witness; plurality holds in this case Clause did not preclude an expert’s testimony that defendant’s DNA profile matched a vaginal swab semen DNA profile produced by a Cellmark analyst who did not testify.

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Perry v. New Hampshire, No. 10–8974, 565 U.S. __ (Jan. 11, 2012).

Declines to adopt a due process judicial reliability screening procedure for eyewitness identification evidence.

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